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挖掘机日常工作中如何才能省油?

日期:2021-01-21   来源:
挖掘机看似威风凛凛,但是干起细活儿来可是一点儿也不含糊。不过对于操作手来说在进行挖掘机操作的时候,还是有非常多的细节需要注意,今天要为大家总结的就是在挖掘机租赁日常工作中如何才能更省油更。
The excavator looks majestic, but it's not ambiguous at all. However, for the operator, there are still a lot of details to pay attention to when operating the excavator. What we want to summarize today is how to save fuel and be more efficient in the daily work of the excavator.
一、操控
1、 Manipulation
液压挖掘机动作的快慢,力量的大小,都是可以在工作时,由操纵手柄控制。工作时操纵手柄的行程小时,挖掘机的动作也相对慢,力量也相对小。工作时,操纵手柄的行程大时,挖掘机的动作也相对快,力量也相对大。所以控制操纵手柄的行程大小就能控制挖掘机的速度和力量。控制操纵手柄的行程,就是我们常说的驾驶手感,是挖掘机驾驶工作中必须掌握的更基础的技能。工作时切忌直接快速将手柄行程至,这样挖掘机动作会突然加速,会造成挖掘机的剧烈摇晃。这也是很多新手经常遇到的一个问题。操作时应该先由操纵手柄的小行程过度到大行程,中间应该有一个小的缓冲,这样挖掘机工作时动作才会顺畅、平稳。
Hydraulic excavator movement speed, the size of the force, can be in the work, controlled by the joystick. When working, the travel of the control handle is small, the action of the excavator is relatively slow, and the force is relatively small. When working, when the stroke of the control handle is large, the action of the excavator is relatively fast and the force is relatively large. Therefore, the speed and force of the excavator can be controlled by controlling the stroke size of the control handle. Controlling the travel of the control handle, which is often referred to as the driving feel, is the most basic skill that must be mastered in the excavator driving work. When working, do not directly and quickly make the handle travel to the maximum, so the excavator action will suddenly accelerate, which will cause severe shaking of the excavator. This is also a problem that many novices often encounter. During the operation, the small stroke of the control handle should be transited to the large stroke first, and there should be a small buffer in the middle, so that the excavator can work smoothly and smoothly.
二、挖土
2、 Digging
1、挖土是挖掘机更主要的工作,驾驶挖掘机挖土时也有很多技巧,可以直接影响工作的效率。挖土时有一个技巧就是,一般以斗杆油缸为主,以动臂油缸为辅,斗齿的角度应该根据斗杆的行进轨迹来调整。斗齿一定要像刀切菜一样“插”入土中,而不是“拍”入土中。斗齿一定要像刀切菜一样“插”入土中,而不是“拍”入土中。插到一定深度时,再完成勾斗,提臂。就是一个完美的挖土动作。
1. Digging is the most important work of excavator. There are many skills when driving excavator, which can directly affect the efficiency of work. When digging, there is a skill, which is generally based on the stick cylinder, supplemented by the boom cylinder. The angle of the bucket teeth should be adjusted according to the trajectory of the stick. Bucket teeth must be inserted into the soil like a knife cutting vegetables, rather than patted into the soil. Bucket teeth must be inserted into the soil like a knife cutting vegetables, rather than patted into the soil. When it is inserted to a certain depth, the hook is completed and the arm is lifted. It's a perfect dig.
2、如果是顺着一个土边挖,土质又比较硬的话,更好先只用两或三个斗齿切下土,再一并挖起。在装车或是其他讲究效率的作业时,挖土每一斗一定挖满再挖满一斗,提起铲斗后,尽量停止所有其他动作,只单独全力做回旋动作,这样回旋的动作速度会更快。在挖土旋转时铲斗并不是水平的,而是略微打开,这样就不会因为惯性而使土从铲斗后面甩出,卸土时,开斗也会更快。在挖土旋转时铲斗并不是水平的,而是略微打开。
2. If you are digging along one side of the soil, and the soil is relatively hard, you'd better use only two or three bucket teeth to cut off the soil, and then dig up. In loading or other efficient operations, each bucket must be filled, and then one bucket must be filled. After lifting the bucket, try to stop all other actions, and only make full swing action alone, so that the speed of swing action will be the fastest. When digging and rotating, the bucket is not horizontal, but slightly open, so that the soil will not be thrown out from the back of the bucket due to inertia, and the bucket will open faster when unloading. The bucket is not horizontal but slightly open when the dig rotates.
3、卸土时,一定不是全部靠开斗的动作把土倒出,而是在开斗的同时,利用斗杆瞬间回收再打开顺势将土抛出,这样更快!
3. When unloading the soil, it must not all rely on the action of opening the bucket to pour out the soil, but at the same time of opening the bucket, use the bucket handle to recover instantly, and then open it to throw out the soil, which is faster!
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